The Ministry of Ecology and Environment has recently issued the "Classified Management Catalogue of Pollutant Discharge Permits for Fixed Pollution Sources (2019 Edition)", "Notice on Doing a Good Job in the Cleanup and Rectification of Pollutant Discharge Permits for Fixed Pollution Sources and the Registration of Pollutant Discharge Permits in 2020" and "Guidelines for Pollutant Registration for Pollutants from Fixed Pollution Sources" Trial) "(hereinafter referred to as" List "," Notice "and" Guide "). Regarding the background and main content of the document, the person in charge of the Environmental Impact Assessment Department of the Ministry of Ecology and Environment answered questions from reporters.

The answer said: The "List" mainly addresses the issue of which pollutant discharge units implement pollution permit management and what type of management should be included. In order to ensure the timeliness of the list, the time limit for issuance and registration is no longer required. Eco-environment departments at all levels are required to complete the cleanup and rectification of fixed pollution sources in certified industries by the end of April 2020, and basically complete the issuance of pollution permits and the registration of pollution information in all industries by the end of September 2020.


Relevant person in charge of the Environmental Assessment Department of the Ministry of Ecology and Environment

管理名录(2019年版)》等系列文件答记者问 List of Pollutant Discharge Permit Management List (2019 Edition) and other documents

The Ministry of Ecology and Environment has recently issued the "Classified Management Catalogue of Pollutant Discharge Permits for Fixed Pollution Sources (2019 Edition)", "Notice on Doing a Good Job in the Cleanup and Rectification of Pollutant Discharge Permits for Fixed Pollution Sources and the Registration of Pollutant Discharge Permits in 2020" and "Guidelines for Pollutant Registration for Pollutants from Fixed Pollution Sources" Trial) "(hereinafter referred to as" List "," Notice "and" Guide "). Regarding the background and main content of the document, the person in charge of the Environmental Impact Assessment Department of the Ministry of Ecology and Environment answered questions from reporters.

Q: Why am I revising the pollution permit list?

A: The reform of the pollution permit system is an important part of the reform of the ecological civilization system of the Party Central Committee and the State Council. The "Category of Classified Management of Pollutant Discharge Permits for Fixed Pollution Sources" mainly addresses the issue of which pollutant discharge units implement pollution permit management and what type of management should be included. Important support for reform. The 2017 edition of the directory has played an important role in promoting the reform of sewage permits and has achieved initial results. During the implementation of the pollutant discharge permit system, we also found some problems: First , it was not enough to integrate with the key tasks of pollution prevention and tackling battles. Some key industries were not included in the 2017 edition of the directory and could not meet the needs of the new situation of ecological environmental protection work. The second is that sewage discharge units with a small amount of sewage produced by some industries have not been included in the discharge permit management, and full coverage of fixed pollution sources has not been achieved. Third, with the progress of industry production technology and environmental protection and treatment technology, the status of production and emissions in some industries is constantly changing. The classification of management categories in some industries is not scientific and reasonable, and the original management category classification standards need to be updated.Fourth , after the revision of the National Economy Industry Classification in 2017, there was a certain change in the classification of industries , and the directory industry classification does not correspond to the National Economy Industry Classification (2017) . Therefore, we have decided to revise the 2017 edition of the directory.

Q: What is the general idea of the 2019 directory revision?

A: The first is to solve the problem of incomplete coverage of sewage permits.The national economic industry classification has a total of 1382 industry sub-categories, of which 706 involve fixed pollution sources, all of which have been included in the 2019 edition of the directory . By adding registration management categories, the 2019 edition of the directory has achieved full coverage of terrestrial fixed sources. The second is to solve the problem of unreasonable management classification.According to the requirements of the pollution prevention and control challenge and the characteristics of the industry, we have adjusted the definition criteria for management categories such as production scale, process characteristics, raw material usage, and fuel type to ensure "comprehensive management and focus . " The third is to solve the problem of inconsistency with other statistical classifications. We adjusted the industry classification of the directory in accordance with the industry name and code in the National Economic Industry Classification (GB / T 4754-2017) to achieve the convergence of the pollutant discharge permit system with environmental statistics and the general sewage treatment.

Q: What are the significant changes of the 2019 edition directory compared to the 2017 edition?

Answer: On the basis of maintaining the consistency and continuity of the management scale, in order to solve the problems in the 2017 version of the directory, the 2019 version of the directory has undergone relatively large adjustments in the setting and division of management and industry categories, and the presentation of classification standards.First, the 2019 edition contains a total of 108 industry categories (including 49 major categories, 212 medium categories, and 706 small categories in the National Economic Industry Classification) and 4 general procedures. The 2017 edition contains 78 industry categories (including 31 Major categories, 104 medium categories, 295 small categories), the 2019 edition has 30 industry categories (involving 18 major categories, 108 medium categories, 411 small categories) compared to the 2017 version . The second is to scientifically optimize the classification, adjusting the classification and expanding the scope of 262 small categories. The third is to add registration management categories to 263 sub-categories. Fourth, in order to ensure the timeliness of the list, the time limit for issuance and registration of certificates is no longer specified, and the time limit for the issuance of licenses and registration of existing pollutant discharge units is specified in the Notice.

Question: The "Catalogue" contains industry categories and common procedures. In fact, many industries involve common procedures. What is the relationship between them?

Answer: Article 6 of the 2019 edition lists general procedures. In order to facilitate understanding, I will give you a few examples in several situations. First, it is stated that if key management or simplified management is performed in accordance with common procedures, a pollution discharge permit should be applied according to the management category of the common procedures. For example, the category 91 instrument and meter manufacturing industry in the "List" specifies that management should be carried out in accordance with the general procedures involved. If a general instrument and meter manufacturing enterprise only involves the surface treatment and general procedures, the enterprise only needs to apply for surface treatment facilities and corresponding discharge ports. The key or simplified sewage permit does not need to apply for a sewage permit for other (such as sanding, assembly) production facilities and corresponding discharge outlets. Second, if there is a clear industry division in the main industry, an application for a sewage permit is required according to the management category of the main industry. For example, it is clear that thermal power generation (4411) belongs to the key management in category 95 of the List. If a thermal power enterprise applies for a sewage permit, the boiler belongs to the company's own production equipment and also involves a water treatment station, it should be based on the thermal power industry technical specifications. The requirements in the application for a boiler, water treatment and other production equipment and the corresponding discharge outlets, etc. for a key management sewage permit.Third, the key management of general processes is only related to environmental factors . ”原则,该企业需申领一张许可证,其中锅炉按重点管理,污水处理站按简化管理。 For example, a mining company involves boilers and sewage treatment stations. Because the boilers are included in the list of key pollutant discharge units in the atmospheric environment, the sewage treatment stations are not included in the list of key pollutant discharge units in the water environment. Zhang license, in which boilers are managed according to the key points, and sewage treatment stations are managed according to the simplification.

Q: How is the sewage unit in the industry not specified in the list managed?

Answer: There are two types of enterprises in the other 108 industries in the list that need to be included in the discharge permit management . First , if it involves a general process, it should apply for a discharge permit or fill out a sewage registration form for the general process involved. For example, a hotel with a boiler should apply for a sewage permit or fill out a sewage registration form according to the management category of the boiler. Secondly, if there is one of the six types of situations in Article 7, they should also apply for a key management pollutant discharge permit for their production facilities and corresponding discharge outlets. For example, if an automobile repair factory is included in the list of key pollutant discharge units, it should apply for a key management pollutant discharge permit for the corresponding pollutant discharge equipment and the corresponding discharge outlet. In addition, if the pollutant discharge unit that is not specified in the list does need to be included in the pollution permit management, the category of pollution permit management shall be proposed by the provincial competent department of ecological environment and reported to the Ministry of Ecology and Environment for determination.

Q: How will the relevant policies for sewage permits be implemented in the near future?

Answer: The Ministry of Ecology and Environment attaches great importance to and actively supports the development of small and medium-sized enterprises. In accordance with the requirements of “decentralization and management services”, we must deepen the reform of environmental impact assessment and pollution permits, actively optimize the business environment, and propose specific measures in the recent policies on pollution permits.

,这样更具有操作性,也更符合企业实际情况,确保国务院“放管服”改革精神落实落地。 First, in order to ensure the full coverage of fixed pollution sources while reducing the burden on enterprises, our Ministry implements sewage registration for enterprises with very small amounts of pollutants and emissions based on the original classified management of pollution permits for fixed pollution sources and discharges pollutants across the country. The license management information platform fills in the pollution discharge registration form. Registration management is not an administrative license, and it is not necessary to apply for a pollution discharge license . This is more operational and more in line with the actual situation of the enterprise, and ensures that the State Council's "decentralization service" reform spirit is implemented. The registration methods, contents, and procedures are specified in the Guide.

The second is to resolutely curb and stop "one size fits all . " At present, many enterprises in China still have historical problems such as “no approval before construction”, inadequate environmental protection facilities, and incapable of meeting emissions standards. For such enterprises, if they do not meet the conditions for the issuance of pollution permits, the “Notice” provides that The rectification notice is issued to clarify the rectification content, rectification period, and other requirements. The rectification period varies depending on the situation, and generally ranges from three months to one year. The rectification period has expired. If it has not been done before, corresponding punishment measures will be taken to resolutely curb and stop the "one size fits all" phenomenon.

原则,在规范中更加细化对治理设施等的要求,重点推动排污单位实现达标排放。 The third is to standardize the formulation to give more prominent guidance and operability. For example, the recently issued printing and other industry pollution permit application and issue technical specifications, taking full account of the generally small scale of enterprises, low levels of environmental governance, immature governance measures, and management capabilities. Relatively poor, many pollutant discharge units have not achieved the status quo of emission standards. Generally, in accordance with the principle of "source pipe consumption, process measures, results check and implementation" , the requirements for treatment facilities are more detailed in the specification, and the implementation of pollutant discharge units is mainly promoted. Discharge.

The fourth is to fully consider the continuity of management. The pollution permits that have been applied for in accordance with the regulations before the implementation of the 2019 version of the directory are still valid. If the polluters apply for changes, the management categories specified in the 2019 version of the directory shall be followed.

Q: How to ensure that the industries covered by the 2019 version of the directory are covered by the pollution permits?

Answer: Completing the issuance of pollution permits covering all fixed sources of pollution is an important reform goal task proposed by the spirit of the Fourth Plenary Session of the 19th CPC Central Committee, the overall plan for the reform of the ecological civilization system, and the implementation plan for the State Council ’s control system for pollutant discharge permits An important support for the fight against pollution. Since March of this year, our Ministry has deployed and carried out pilot work on the cleanup and rectification of fixed pollution sources in 8 provinces (municipalities) including Beijing, Tianjin, Hebei, Shanxi, Jiangsu, Shandong, Henan, and Shaanxi. Through the pilot discharge, nearly 5,000 unscheduled licenses were found Sewage unit.

,切实做到“核发一个行业、清理一个行业、规范一个行业、达标一个行业” ,实现固定污染源排污许可全覆盖。 Based on the pilot experience, our Ministry recently issued a “Notice” and deployed the ecological and environmental departments at all levels across the country to complete the cleanup and rectification of fixed pollution sources in certified industries by the end of April 2020, and basically complete all of them by the end of September 2020. The issuance of pollution discharge permits and the registration of pollution information in the industry ensured that “the issue of an industry, the clean-up of an industry, the regulation of an industry, and the achievement of an industry ’s standard” were achieved to achieve full coverage of fixed-source pollution discharge permits. The overall tasks include:

The first is synchronous deployment to achieve full coverage. 四项工作任务,全面摸清固定污染源底数,既要确保完成已发证行业清理整顿,又要全力完成2020年排污许可发证和登记,两项工作思路、方式和方法一致。 All pollutant discharge units that should be issued with pollution permits or registered for management shall be included in the scope of investigation. Through the implementation of the four tasks of " finding, discharging, separating, and clearing" , the fixed base of pollution sources shall be fully determined. For rectification, it is necessary to fully complete the issuance and registration of pollution permits in 2020. The two work ideas, methods and methods are the same.

The second is to seek truth from facts, and issue certificates first. Adhere to the improvement of regional environmental quality as the core, and correctly handle the problems left over by history in the spirit of reform, seek truth from facts, consider reality, and take into account history, and implement classified treatment. 的原则,根据排污单位的整改承诺,先下达整改通知书,给予合理整改期,强化帮扶指导,引导排污单位规范排污行为,为推动排污单位守法创造条件。 For the polluting units with problems, in accordance with the principle of “certificate first and then in place” , according to the commitments of the polluting units, the rectification notice will be issued first, a reasonable rectification period will be given, and assistance guidance will be strengthened to guide the polluting units to regulate their pollution behaviors. Sewage discharge units abide by the law to create conditions.

The third is to clarify responsibilities and strengthen supervision. Supervise the pollutant discharge units to implement the main responsibility of environmental protection, the pollutant discharge units apply according to law, discharge pollutants according to the certificate, and abide by the law. Eco-environment departments based on the commitments of pollutant discharge units, issued certificates in accordance with the law, and supervised in accordance with the certificates. For undocumented sewage units, investigate and deal with them according to law, and crack down severely.

At the same time, our ministry will strengthen policy guidance, establish a support work mechanism, organize technical experts and business backbones, do a good job of publicity training and policy interpretation, timely help solve difficult problems and provide strong technical support guarantee.Our ministry will regularly schedule the progress of work in various places, and will report, interview, supervise, and hold accountability for areas that have not completed their work tasks on schedule, incomplete investigations, and prominent problems .

annex: